8 Warning Signs of Dengue Fever

8 Warning Signs of Dengue Fever

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8 Warning Signs of Dengue Fever Dengue fever is a painful, debilitating, mosquito
borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. These viruses are related to the viruses that
cause West Nile infection and yellow fever. Dengue infection is a leading cause of death
and sickness in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Dengue is caused by one of four viruses that
are transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more serious
form of dengue infection. Primary symptoms of dengue appear three to
15 days after the mosquito bite and include high fever and severe headache with severe
pain behind the eyes that is apparent when trying to move the eyes. Other associated symptoms are joint pain,
muscle and bone pain, rash, and mild bleeding. Many affected people complain of low back
pain. The lymph nodes of the neck and groin may
be swollen. Young children and people infected for the
first time typically have milder symptoms than older children and adults. Dengue hemorrhagic fever starts with the typical
signs and symptoms of dengue as described above. The fever lasts 2-7 days. After the fever begins to abate, symptoms
occur that are related to increased permeability of the capillary blood vessels. These symptoms can include severe abdominal
pain, prolonged vomiting, and breathing problems. Bleeding tendencies, including easy bruising,
nosebleeds, bleeding gums, skin hemorrhages, and even internal bleeding may occur. The disease may progress to failure of the
circulatory system, leading to shock and death. Each year, an estimated 100 million cases
of dengue fever occur worldwide. Most of these are in tropical areas of the
world, with the greatest risk occurring in: The Indian subcontinent
Southeast Asia Southern China
Taiwan The Pacific Islands
The Caribbean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islands)
Mexico Africa
Central and South America (except Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina). If you’ve recently visited a region in which
dengue fever is known to occur and you suddenly develop a fever, see your doctor. Watch for warning signs as temperature declines
3 to 7 days after symptoms begin. Go IMMEDIATELY to an emergency room or the
closest health care provider if any of the following warning signs appear: Severe abdominal pain or persistent vomiting
Red spots or patches on the skin Bleeding from nose or gums
Vomiting blood Black, tarry stools (feces, excrement)
Drowsiness or irritability Pale, cold, or clammy skin
Difficulty breathing There is no specific medication for treatment
of a dengue infection. Persons who think they have dengue should
use analgesics (pain relievers) with acetaminophen and avoid those containing ibuprofen, Naproxen,
aspirin or aspirin containing drugs. They should also rest, drink plenty of fluids
to prevent dehydration, avoid mosquito bites while febrile and consult a physician. Adequately management generally requires hospitalization. There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The best way to prevent the disease is to
prevent bites by infected mosquitoes, particularly if you are living in or traveling to a tropical
area. This involves protecting yourself and making
efforts to keep the mosquito population down. To protect yourself:
Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible. Use mosquito repellents, even indoors. When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and
long pants tucked into socks. When indoors, use air conditioning if available. Make sure window and door screens are secure
and free of holes. If sleeping areas are not screened or air
conditioned, use mosquito nets.

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